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The History

Discover the origin of the ‘Aquae Patavinae’ and the history of the Euganean thermal area...

 

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Monastery of San Daniele
Abano Terme, 11th century A.D. – today

The monastery of San Daniele, founded at the end of the eleventh century, stands on the top of the homonym hill. The medieval complex no longer exists. The actual building, seat of the Benedictine nuns of the Monastery of San Rocco in Fiume since 1947, is the result of the nineteenth-century rearrangement of a fifteenth century complex, organized around a cloister.


Storia degli Studi

The monastery is mentioned for the first time in a document of 1123, but it was probably founded in 1076-1078. The history of the complex can be read through the archival documents from the Middle Ages to the present day.


Descrizione

Età medioevale e moderna

The actual building, seat of the Benedictine nuns of the Monastery of San Rocco in Fiume since 1947, is the result of the nineteenth-century rearrangement of a fifteenth century complex, organized around a cloister.
The first monastery of San Daniele was built between 1076 and 1078 on the initiative of the Lords da Montagnone and is part of the multiplication of the aristocratic religious buildings that marks the area of the Euganean hills in the decades following the year 1000 and that is interpreted as a response to the needs of Christian proselytizing after the significant increase in population.
From a religious standpoint, the dedication of the monastery to San Daniele must be connected to the cult of the Levite and martyr, whose remains came to light on January 10, 1076 in “the monastery of Sancta Bustina and Sancti Prosdocimi… outside the city of Padua”, with “many bodies of saints”. After this discovery, there was a massive spread of the relics of San Daniele, which affected the whole countryside surrounding Padua. The monastery is mentioned for the first time in a document in 1123, in the Privilege of Pope Callistus II in favour of Guidobaldo.
After the foundation, the monastery was assigned to the Benedictine monks of Praglia, under whose jurisdiction it remained until 1461, when it passed to the Canons Regular of the SS. Salvatore of Venice, who undertook the extensive restructuring which was mentioned above.
There are no more news of the monastery until the eighteenth century: in 1711 the annex church was rebuilt, but in 1771 the decision of the Serenissima Republic to reduce the number of monasteries also struck San Daniele’s one, which was suppressed and put to auction. It was bought by the lawyer Federico Todeschini of Venice; when his daughter and only heir Elizabeth married Count Bartolomeo Bonomi in 1832, the building changed owners and destination: following a further extensive restoration, it was transformed into a private residence known as “Castle of the Todeschini-Bonomi”. After a further transfer of ownership to the Pescarin family, in 1947 the complex returned to its original religious destination.

 

Cronologia

Founded in 1076-1078, renovated in the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries.

 

Contesto geografico ed urbanistico

The monastery occupies the top of the San Daniele hill, a low relief placed at the north-eastern foothills of the Euganean Hills.

 

Bibliografia

Bortolami S., Per Abano medioevale, in Per una storia di Abano Terme, I. Dall’età preromana al Medioevo, Abano Terme 1983, pp. 124-125.
Codice Diplomatico Padovano I, n. 227 , , pp. 264-266.
Codice Diplomatico Padovano II/1, n. 137 , , pp. 113.
Tilatti A., Culto dei santi e istituzioni a Padova tra VI e XIII secolo, Roma 1993, pp. 264-266, 292-293.

 
 

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